Bees are flying insects closely related to wasps and ants, known for their role in pollination and, in the case of the best- known bee species, the western honey bee, for producing honey and es are a monophyletic lineage within the superfamily Apoidea and are presently considered a clade, called Anthophila. There are nearly 20, 000 known species of bees in seven recognized biological.
Honey bees appear to have their center of origin in South and Southeast Asia ( including the Philippines), as all the extant species except Apis mellifera are native to that region. Notably, living representatives of the earliest lineages to diverge ( Apis florea and Apis andreniformis) have their center of origin there. The first Apis bees appear in the fossil record at the Eocene- Oligocene.